Logos Content Innovation

Moving beyond digital publishing to original content creation:

Four Milestones In Lexicography

Roget Peter Mark Roget
Roget's Thesaurus
Roget was a physician who enjoyed anatomy and physiology. He kept a notebook where he listed English words and phrases, seeking to express himself in the best possible way. After retiring at age 70, he spent four years compiling his Thesaurus, the first English resource to provide "a collection of words ... arranged, not in alphabetical order as they are in a Dictionary, but according to the ideas they express".
James Strong James Strong
Strong's Concordance
His primary claim to fame is his exhaustive concordance, which is still being printed after 125 years. While his lexicon has long since been eclipsed by more accurate and modern works, his key innovation in the architecture of lexical information was a system of numbers for lexical entries that enabled users to move between the concordance and the lexicon, even with no knowledge of the writing systems of the original languages.
Louw and Nida Johannes Louw & Eugene Nida
(? & 1914–2011)
Greek-English Lexicon of the NT
Based on Semantic Domains
Louw and Nida's primary motivation was to help Bible translators more deeply understand the biblical lexicon. Their Semantic Lexicon sought to remedy "...the inadequacy of most existing dictionaries, which for the most part are limited in indicating meanings, since they depend principally upon a series of glosses." (the emphasis is mine)
George Miller George Miller
A psychologist started the WordNet project as an experiment in lexical representation, strongly motivated by .... The project quickly became a critical resource for researchers in Natural Language Processing.

Why Another Lexicon?

Components of the BSL

  1. Lexical semantic database of biblical vocabulary
    content words: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
    We manage lexical information, not as prose articles with headwords, but database records relating senses, their linguistic expressions, their occurrence in the text, and relationships to other Logos datasets
    Foundation for future lexicographic data and prose projects
  2. Sense browser
    Feature of Logos' desktop software, starting with version 5, for higher base packages
  3. Comprehensive annotation of the biblical text
    We "show our work" with comprehensive annotation of the original language text. Louw & Nida didn't do this, though Logos commissioned George Somsel to do this annotation. Their lexicon of course only covered the New Testament.

Lexical Semantic Database

The WordNet Model

The WordNet Model

See Wordnet (Princeton) and EuroWordNet for additional information.

Semantic Relationships

heat-related relationships
These go beyond the traditional view of a dictionary as a list, and show structure
also connected to Louw-Nida, as well as Logos data sets like the Logos Controlled Vocabulary and Biblical Things.

BSL Coverage

graph: senses by lemma count

Sense Browser: Search

annotated screenshot of sense browser

Sense Browser: Display

annotated screenshot of sense browser
Counts indicate the occurence of a lemma expressing this specific sense. Note most of these lemmas also express others senses (in the case of horeb, 5)
lemmas are hyperlinked to the Word Study Guide; references to the text; other senses in the hierarchy navigate the browser
confusion about the presence of glosses, some of them clearly outside the scope of this sense. That's done for consistency with how we display lemmas elsewhere: not part of the semantic information of the BSL.

Sense Browser: Display (Cleaned Up)

annotated screenshot of sense browser

Hierarchy Visualization

hypernym hierarchy for 'strength'

Biblical Annotation

meaning, words, and context


Metaphorical extensions

dropdown for 'strength' sense for strength as horn
About 1700 such senses

Future Plans

A Unique Lexical Resource



Special thanks to:

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